Zalina Gabibulayeva, a mother of five, says she was “tricked” into joining the jihadists in Syria five years ago. Now, repentant and repatriated to Russia’s Chechnya, she goes to schools to teach others of the dangers of extremism.
Countries around the world are grappling with the question of how to treat citizens who went to the Islamic State “caliphate” and have since decided to return.
That problem is felt particularly keenly in Russia, which has seen thousands of people leave to fight alongside jihadists in Syria, according to President Vladimir Putin.
While some Western nations have stripped IS recruits of citizenship or banned them from coming back, Russia has repatriated women and children.
Most of Russia’s IS recruits came from Muslim-majority Caucasus republics, such as Chechnya.
The republic, however, has welcomed in women like Ms. Gabibulayeva — with the expectation that some will go to work to prevent young Muslims from becoming radicalised. “It’s very difficult for (the women to talk about their experience but we get them to understand it’s a way to show they repent,” says Kheda Saratova, who sits on the rights council of Chechnya’s leader Ramzan Kadyrov.
Ms. Saratova hopes Russian authorities will remove their ban on repatriating women from Syria and Iraq. The activist says around 200 women and children have already been brought back.