The State of the Union Address is an annual speech delivered by the US President to a joint session of the US Congress at the beginning of each year in office. The message typically includes a budget message and an economic report of the nation, and allows the president to propose national priorities.
The address is in compliance with the requirements in Article II, Section 3 of the US Constitution. The Article states that US President must periodically “give to the Congress Information of the State of the Union, and recommend to their Consideration such measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient.”
Earlier the report was presented in a written form. Woodrow Wilson, the 28th US president, began the regular practice of delivering the address to Congress in person in 1913.
It is one of the few instances when all three branches of the US government assemble under one roof: members of both houses of Congress constituting the legislature, the President’s Cabinet constituting the executive, and the Chief Justice and Associate Justices of the Supreme Court constituting the judiciary. In addition, the military is represented by the Joint Chiefs of Staff, while foreign governments are represented by the Dean of the Diplomatic Corps.